The nexus between human rights and development has been clarified through changes in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) policy, mechanisms, programming and interagency cooperation over the last decade. UNDP along with other parts of the UN is expected to be institutionally capable or “fit for the purpose” of contributing to this ambitious agenda and related global developments. It is in this context that this study recommends four directions as the future priorities for UNDP's global human rights work.
"UNDP Global Human Rights Strengthening Programme Evaluation 2008-2015"
"UNDP Human Rights Work in the Future"
The FISTERA Delphi study was set up to provide the European Commission with information on the evolution of information and communication technologies. The study was to gain knowledge about the social implications of this evolution and how the broader context within this evolution takes place. The focus was also on social developments, the set-up of the IST knowledge infrastructure within Europe, issues dealing with the industrial strength, the human resources aspect and the priority setting issue.
Recycling water is a strategy that each state is pursuing with the intention of minimizing water shortages. Many states however have been unable to reach goals for volume of water recycled. Recycled water literature focuses primarily on program implementation. Established programs have been little studied and very few have been evaluated in a meaningful way to allow cross comparison of programs. Thus, this study proposes a universal set of evaluative criteria and associated metrics that can be applied in a program evaluation.
The SSH-FUTURES project, co-funded by the European Commission within the Sixth Framework Programme, investigates the opportunities for complementary development and closer coupling of the Social Sciences and Humanities in Europe, their mutual interactions with social demands and the potential value of including such an approach within research policies in Europe. The project is organized in six work packages, four of which are conceptualized to produce new insights on the production and use of social science and humanities research now and in the future.
The ELOST project was set up with the support of the European Commission’s Sixth Framework Programme to make recommendations on e-inclusion and e-Government. The overall goal of the ELOST project is to develop policy recommendations for increasing awareness and usage of e-Government services among low socioeconomic status groups (LSGs). The project includes a comparative cross cultural study of barriers on e-Government use by LSGs in six countries including Israel, Austria, France, Germany, Bulgaria and Finland.
Project FESTOS deals with future security threats posed by emerging technologies and emerging areas of applied research. The main goal of the project was to identify and assess these potentially evolving threats and to propose policy guidelines aimed at minimizing the likelihood of their realisation. In accordance with the project‘s workplan, the scanning effort focused on selected technologies in five main fields: ICTs, Nanotechnologies, Biotechnology, Robotics, New Materials, and Converging Technologies (i.e. Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno convergence).
This report draws on the experience derived from the EUFORIA project, in which three pilot KSF exercises were undertaken for Finland, Germany and Greece. It outlines the steps taken in this project that could be used to inform an Irish project, and explores options for further development of the approach in an Irish context. One of the lessons of EUFORIA is, indeed, the importance of the ‘localisation’ of KSF.
The aim of this study is to present evidence of the views of researchers on a range of factors that may inhibit researcher mobility and career development within the emerging European Research Area. Enhancing the mobility of researchers has become an important goal of European research policy. An initial set of potential inhibiting factors were extracted from ongoing policy and scholarly debates about scientific mobility.
This study describes the development of methods and approaches aimed at bringing together diverse knowledge and stakeholder values as part of a broader Integrated Assessment (IA) process applied to the Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) family of technologies. The research is described in seven published journal papers with the common aim of supporting a fuller understanding of the implications of and potential for CCS in the UK.
This exploratory study used the Delphi research technique to identify an ethical decision-making definition that higher administration leaders in both the United States and Poland use to make ethical decisions and identify the environmental factors that influence their decisions. Using this information will create a better understanding of the practices and approaches to ethics that leaders use because of the huge influence they have and exert on people within their own organization and society around them.
EUFORIA is a pilot project aiming to systematically implement a number of foresight methods in order to enlighten the path towards a European Knowledge Society. The project looks at life as a mix of living conditions, working conditions and industrial relations through experimental, developmental and future-oriented methods in which this Delphi survey played a key part. The cross-national multilingual online Delphi survey carried out for the Euforia project has focused on issues related to the European Knowledge Society and its impacts on living conditions, industrial relations and working conditions.
In terms of business initiatives and opportunities, the MobiCom Project envisages the active involvement of industrial partners in the process of insight generation and scenario planning. Through MobiForum, the widest possible participation was sought in order to enrich the process of understanding the new developments towards Mobile eCommerce and generating alternative scenarios regarding the future shape of mobile service markets.
A key objective of the European Union’s Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (RTD) is to open up the European Research Area (ERA) to the rest of the world. SCOPE will generate 10-year scenarios to be used by policy makers to guide decision processes on the shape and scope of future RTD cooperation between Europe and other parts of the world. Specifically, the project will focus upon a selected group of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Maghreb and Mashreq, Latin America, and the Commonwealth of Independent States.
The main objective of the SAFE FOODS project is to develop a new integrated risk analysis approach that, among others, will ensure a more transparent process which will take into account consumers concerns in order to regain their confidence in the agri-food sector and in the quality of food risk management. SAFE FOODS consists of a number of interdependent and interdisciplinary Workpackages, which deliver the elements for the construction of the new risk analysis approach.
The study is aimed at contributing to the implementation of a technology transfer mechanism toward communities and their public and private organizations, under the concept of integrity, with the application and the development of technologies viable to sustainability. As a result of regional working session, TFP Venezuela launched a multi-region foresight exercise on the yucca (cassava or manioc) sector. The study involved more than 300 experts and individual from civil society, and the public and private sectors from five States and produced the “Yucca in Gondola” report.
Venezuela is highly prone to earthquakes and torrential rains, which often can cause major disasters such as the flash flooding and major landslides. The mudslide in Vargas was the worst natural disaster in Venezuela in the last century, The number of victims of the mudslides is estimated at 10,000 to 30,000. The dynamic strategic planning represents a tool for diagnostic, analysis and reflection suitable for making decisions in an environment of unforeseen events. In this analysis, the goal is to analyze the main key factors that influence the reconstruction and rebuilding of Vargas State.
One of the most distressing environmental problems we have to face worldwide to date is the "waste-problem" which is becoming an emerging problem particularly in Hungary as it has not implemented a proper waste disposal system which would be an absolute must for an EU-member state. According to our Ministry of Environment, about 4 million people should have been collecting the waste selectively by now, in order to accomplish the EU-requirements. This study aims to reveal ideas and the expectations from different groups of subject matter experts.