The nexus between human rights and development has been clarified through changes in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) policy, mechanisms, programming and interagency cooperation over the last decade. UNDP along with other parts of the UN is expected to be institutionally capable or “fit for the purpose” of contributing to this ambitious agenda and related global developments. It is in this context that this study recommends four directions as the future priorities for UNDP's global human rights work.
"UNDP Global Human Rights Strengthening Programme Evaluation 2008-2015"
"UNDP Human Rights Work in the Future"
The FISTERA Delphi study was set up to provide the European Commission with information on the evolution of information and communication technologies. The study was to gain knowledge about the social implications of this evolution and how the broader context within this evolution takes place. The focus was on technological developments, identifying major technological breakthroughs and offering a layered perspective on technologies, functionalities, services and ambients. The focus was also on social developments, the set-up of the IST knowledge infrastructure within Europe, issues dealing with the industrial strength, the human resources aspect and the priority setting issue.
Recycling water is a strategy that each state is pursuing with the intention of minimizing water shortages. Many states however have been unable to reach goals for volume of water recycled. Recycled water literature focuses primarily on program implementation. Established programs have been little studied and very few have been evaluated in a meaningful way to allow cross comparison of programs. Thus, this study proposes a universal set of evaluative criteria and associated metrics that can be applied in a program evaluation. This will help recycled water programs understand areas where the program is performing well and areas where improvement is needed. This study will also help major recycled water stakeholders understand the perspective and role of other stakeholder groups on program effectiveness.
Project FESTOS deals with future security threats posed by emerging technologies and emerging areas of applied research. The main goal of the project was to identify and assess these potentially evolving threats and to propose policy guidelines aimed at minimizing the likelihood of their realisation. In accordance with the project‘s workplan, the scanning effort focused on selected technologies in five main fields: ICTs, Nanotechnologies, Biotechnology, Robotics, New Materials, and Converging Technologies (i.e. Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno convergence).
The SSH-FUTURES project, co-funded by the European Commission within the Sixth Framework Programme, investigates the opportunities for complementary development and closer coupling of the Social Sciences and Humanities in Europe, their mutual interactions with social demands and the potential value of including such an approach within research policies in Europe. The project is organized in six work packages, four of which are conceptualized to produce new insights on the production and use of social science and humanities research now and in the future.
Euforia is a pilot project aiming to systematically implement a number of foresight methods in order to enlighten the path towards a European Knowledge Society. The project looks at life as a mix of living conditions, working conditions and industrial relations through experimental, developmental and future-oriented methods in which this Delphi survey played a key part. The cross-national multilingual online Delphi survey carried out for the Euforia project has focused on issues related to the European Knowledge Society and its impacts on living conditions, industrial relations and working conditions.
In terms of business initiatives and opportunities, the MobiCom Project envisages the active involvement of industrial partners in the process of insight generation and scenario planning. Therefore, MobiForum, an on-line interactive platform, serves as a central node for communication, collaboration and information dissemination. MobiForum became key point of reference both for project participants and for every other European interested party, for specific information regarding Mobile eCommerce. Through MobiForum, the widest possible participation was sought in order to enrich the process of understanding the new developments towards Mobile eCommerce and generating alternative scenarios regarding the future shape of mobile service markets. MobiForum is an interactive environment that provides specific information on current trends and critical issues for the scenarios development.
A key objective of the European Union’s Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (RTD) is to open up the European Research Area (ERA) to the rest of the world. In doing so, research can contribute to the solution of specific problems faced by third countries in equitable partnerships. This project is unique with its scope of terms to its multi-regional focus as well as its particular emphasis upon international cooperation with eventual feedback to EU RTD policy. How such partnerships might operate in future Framework Programmes, is the focus of the SCOPE project. SCOPE will generate 10-year scenarios to be used by policy makers to guide decision processes on the shape and scope of future RTD cooperation between Europe and other parts of the world. Specifically, the project will focus upon a selected group of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Maghreb and Mashreq, Latin America, and the Commonwealth of Independent States.
The governance of food safety has long been regarded as the domain of “experts” and “professional risk managers” with minimal input from other interested parties such as consumers. However, a number of food incidents in Europe (BSE, GMOs, dioxins, Sudan dye, etc.) have severely damaged public trust of food safety its regulation and its management. This has exposed a need for improvements in the current approach to food risk analysis. The main objective of the SAFE FOODS project is to develop a new integrated risk analysis approach that, among others, will ensure a more transparent process which will take into account consumers concerns in order to regain their confidence in the agri-food sector and in the quality of food risk management. SAFE FOODS consists of a number of interdependent and interdisciplinary Workpackages, which deliver the elements for the construction of the new risk analysis approach. The research results generated in these Workpackages are being integrated and incorporated into a new risk analysis framework by the SAFE FOODS experts in Workpackage 6.
The Director General of Foresight introduced a new foresight study by creating a Root Crops Program to promote research in sectors listed by the Department of Commerce and Production. The study is aimed at contributing to the implementation of a technology transfer mechanism toward communities and their public and private organizations, under the concept of integrity, with the application and the development of technologies viable to sustainability. As a result of regional working session, TFP Venezuela launched a multi-region foresight exercise on the yucca (cassava or manioc) sector. The study involved more than 300 experts and individual from civil society, and the public and private sectors from five States and produced the “Yucca in Gondola” report with a success scenario for 2016. The general objectives are to utilize the Foresight methodology to identify the main drivers influencing some of the objectives of the Root Crops Program, as a behavior model and as a means of agreement and consolidation of social actors.
Venezuela is highly prone to earthquakes and torrential rains, which often can cause major disasters such as the flash flooding and major landslides. The mudslide in Vargas was the worst natural disaster in Venezuela in the last century, The number of victims of the mudslides is estimated at 10,000 to 30,000. Material losses from this catastrophe reach four billion dollars, around four percent of Venezuela's gross domestic product. This presented a situation of uncertainty and high complexit which requires an analysis with constantly changing parameters. The dynamic strategic planning represents a tool for diagnostic, analysis and reflection suitable for making decisions in an environment of unforeseen events. In this analysis, the goal is to analyze the main key factors that influence the reconstruction and rebuilding of Vargas State.
One of the most distressing environmental problems we have to face worldwide to date is the "waste-problem" which is becoming an emerging problem particularly in Hungary as it has not implemented a proper waste disposal system which would be an absolute must for an EU-member state. According to our Ministry of Environment, about 4 million people should have been collecting the waste selectively by now, in order to accomplish the EU-requirements. In reality, from the 4 million tons of waste produced each year, only 2-3 percent is disposed selectively, which means that only about 200-400 thousands people participate in the already existing programs. The goal is to boost the environment-consciousness in Hungary, reduce the pollution that origins from wastes; and use less amount of raw materials to lower the costs of waste disposal. This study aims to reveal ideas and the expectations from different groups of subject matter experts.